Taekwondo is a modern Korean martial art, characterized
by fast, high, jumping, spinning kicks
and quick footwork.
It is an all-around program that offers self-defence
training, physical exercise, and artistic expression;
all taught by an experienced professional instructor.
Literally translated, Taekwondo breaks down to "tae"
meaning to kick with the foot, "kwon" meaning to punch
or strike with the hand, and "do" meaning art or way.
Therefore, Taekwondo translates to "the art of kicking
and punching." Its physical aspects come from the
kicking and punching,
while its spiritual aspects come from the art.
times the word Karate is used in the name of a Taekwondo
school. This seems strange since Karate is a Japanese
word and Taekwondo is Korean. This occurs purely as a
business decision. More people are familiar with the
so when they see it they will know what a Taekwondo
school is about. Also, the word Karate has fewer letters
than Taekwondo. When putting up a sign on a school
building for advertisement, the smaller word Karate
means the letters on the sign may be larger and possibly
lighted for less cost than for the word Taekwondo.
develop an appreciation for Taekwondo as a sport and
as an art.
achieve physical fitness through positive
improve mental discipline and emotional equanimity.
learn self-defense skills.
develop a sense of responsibility for oneself and
Introduction to Taekwondo
Although Taekwondo is modern martial art, its origins
and evolution may be traced back through 2,000 years of
Korean history. For centuries,
martial arts have
been an integral part of Korean culture and heritage;
improved and passed down from teacher to student.
After the end of the Japanese occupation of Korea after
the end of World War II, their was a insurgence of
national pride that led Korean martial artists to renew
their links to Korean's ancient martial arts. This led
to the development of a new Korean martial art that, in
1955, was officially named Taekwondo in 1955. Today,
Koreans practice Taekwondo during military training, as
well as in grade school, as a way to build a strong
sense of justice, fortitude, and humility using strict
discipline, physical conditioning, and mental training.
Taekwondo gradually spread to
around the world practice
where it is practiced as both a traditional
self-defence system, and as a competitive sport.
Taekwondo is a way for people of any age to learn self-defence
and increase their physical fitness while training with
others who have similar interests. Taekwondo not only
develops the physical being; it also develops the moral
being, which involves such things as character,
integrity, and honour. These moral aspects develop
unconsciously while students consciously train in the
physical aspects of Taekwondo.
Taekwondo is a combat sport
bare hands and feet, no weaponry, to fend off attackers.
Due to its numerous unique kicks, each with many
variations, many people call Taekwondo the "kicking
martial art." This is not to say that Taekwondo does not
use hand techniques; it uses the same basic hand
techniques used in other martial arts, which makes it a
well-rounded empty-handed martial art. Over the last few
Taekwondo organizations have worked together to develop
Taekwondo into a modern international amateur and
Olympic sport, while maintaining its proud tradition
martial art spirit.
Taekwondo is a physical science. While training,
individual movements of the body are perfected so they
become one. Taekwondo techniques are always
evaluated and improved on the basis of their scientific
applications. Taekwondo is a type physical fitness;
training required to perfect each technique requires the
muscular exercise of the whole body. Taekwondo is a
discipline of both mind and body. Taekwondo techniques
look easy but are
to learn. It takes concentration and effort to attain
mind and body must work in concert for a technique to be
effective. Taekwondo is a martial art. Taekwondo
techniques may be used with deadly effectiveness
and, with training,
tailor the power of their techniques to fit the
Taekwondo has become
one of the
most practiced martial arts
in the world. Its popularity may be attributed to it
being an official Pan-American sport, a demonstration
sport in the 1988 and 1992 Olympics, and a full medal
sport in the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia.
However, its popularity is mainly due to its spectacular
techniques and its being fun for all ages to learn and
Value of Taekwondo
Taekwondo has practical value as a martial art, a self-defense
system, and as a competitive sport. It also has
ideological value, based upon its technical, artistic,
and philosophic ideals. The technical ideal is derived
from Taekwondo’s stress on performing techniques with
technical perfection. The artistic ideal derives from
personal expression while performing Taekwondo
techniques. The philosophic ideal is attained when the
technical and artistic aspects of Taekwondo bring
balance and harmony to
life. The ultimate value of Taekwondo is attained when
the practitioner becomes aware of changes or threats in
her environment and
is able to
effortlessly and properly react to them. This state of
mind becomes possible through the mastery of a broad
range of offensive and defensive Taekwondo skills.